Taken from Basic Welsh: A Grammar and Workbook by Gareth King
Welsh Lesson One: Identification Sentences
hwn this hwnna that
y rhain these y rheina those
e/o he hi she
hwn this person (m) hon this person (f)
hwnna that person (m) honna that person (f)
hwnnw that person who honno that person who is out of sight (m) is out of sight (f)
dw i I am
Pwy who Beth what
ydy is/are athrawon teachers
enw name enwau names
prifddinas capitol llyfr book
Query sentences are constructed such that the reply is created by replacing the pronoun in the initial question with the answer to that question.
Pwy dach chi? Who are you?
Taran dw i I am Taran
Pwy ydy hwnna? Who is that?
Dafydd ydy hwnna That is David
Pwy ydy’r rheina? Who are those people?
Athrawon ydy’r rheina. Those people are teachers.
Beth ydy prifddinas Ffrainc? What is the capitol of France?
Paris ydy prifddinas Ffrainc. Paris is the capitol of France.
Beth ydy enwau’r plant? What are the children’s names?
Mair a Sioned ydy enwau’r plant The children’s names are Mair and Sioned.
Who is that (m)?
Who is this (f)?
What is that?
What are these?
Who are those?
What is this?
Who is this (m)?
Who is that (f)?
Exercise 2: Fill in the blanks (rheina, ‘r, pwy, ydy, beth, llyfr, ydy)
- __________ ydy honna?
- Beth ydy ______ rhain?
- Pwy __________ hwnna?
- _________ ydy hwn?
- ________ ___________ hwnna
- Pwy ydy’r ____________
Exercise 3: Match the sentences
Beth ydy’r rhain? Who are these?
Pwy ydy hon ? Who is that?
Beth ydy hwn? What is this?
Pwy ydy’r rhain? What are these?
Beth ydy hwnna? Who is this?
Pwy ydy honna? What is that?