Taken from Basic Welsh: A Grammar and Workbook by Gareth King

Welsh Lesson One: Identification Sentences

hwn               this                       hwnna                    that

y rhain          these                    y rheina              those

e/o                 he                             hi                       she

 

hwn               this person (m)                       hon                              this person (f)

hwnna          that person (m)                       honna                          that person (f)

hwnnw         that person who                        honno                         that person who is out of sight (m)                             is out of sight  (f)

 

dw i               I am

 

Pwy               who                              Beth                       what

ydy                is/are                       athrawon                teachers

enw               name                       enwau                       names

prifddinas     capitol                          llyfr                       book

plant             children

 

Query sentences are constructed such that the reply is created by replacing the pronoun in the initial question with the answer to that question.

Pwy dach chi?                                  Who are you?

Taran dw i                                         I am Taran

 

Pwy ydy hwnna?                               Who is that?

Dafydd ydy hwnna                           That is David

 

Pwy ydy’r rheina?                             Who are those people?

Athrawon ydy’r rheina.                   Those people are teachers.

 

Beth ydy prifddinas Ffrainc?          What is the capitol of France?

Paris ydy prifddinas Ffrainc.          Paris is the capitol of France.

 

Beth ydy enwau’r plant?                     What are the children’s names?

Mair a Sioned ydy enwau’r plant    The children’s names are Mair and Sioned.

 

Exercise 1:

Who is that (m)?

Who is this (f)?

What is that?

What are these?

Who are those?

What is this?

Who is this (m)?

Who is that (f)?

 

Exercise 2: Fill in the blanks (rheina, ‘r, pwy, ydy, beth, llyfr, ydy)

 

  1. __________ ydy honna?
  2. Beth ydy ______ rhain?
  3. Pwy __________ hwnna?
  4. _________ ydy hwn?
  5. ________ ___________ hwnna
  6. Pwy ydy’r ____________

 

Exercise 3: Match the sentences

Beth ydy’r rhain?                              Who are these?

Pwy ydy hon ?                                    Who is that?

Beth ydy hwn?                                  What is this?

Pwy ydy’r rhain?                               What are these?

Beth ydy hwnna?                              Who is this?

Pwy ydy honna?                               What is that?