Index of Blog Posts

To read about a particular topic, just click on the link . . .


Aber Garth Celyn

Aberedw Castle

Aberffraw Castle

Aberystwyth Castle


An Iron Ring of Castles

Brecon Castle

Buellt Castle

Caer Fawr (Iron Age Hill Fort)

Carew Castle

Carreg Cennen Castle

Castell y Bere, Gwynedd

Criccieth Castle

Crickhowell Castle


Denbigh Castle

Dinas Bran

Dinas Ffareon (Dinas Emrys)

Dolbadarn Castle

Dolwyddelan Castle

Dryslyn Castle

Ewloe Castle

Harlech Castle

Hill Forts:  Dinas Bran, Dinas Emrys, and Tre’r Ceiri

Llys Rhosyr (Royal Palace on Anglesey)

Rhuddlan Castle (s)

A Question about Rhuddlan Castle

Woodbury Castle

Llywelyn ap Gruffydd

11 December 1282


The Battle of the Menai Straits

Betrayal in the Belfry of Bangor

Biography of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd

The Brothers Gwynedd


Dafydd ap Gruffydd

Dafydd ap Llywelyn, Prince of Wales (d. 1246)

The Death of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd

Eleanor (Elinor) de Montfort

Family Tree of the Royal House of Wales

Gwynedd after 1282

Historiography of the Welsh Conquest

King Edward I of England

King Edward and the Welsh

Llywelyn ap Gruffydd

Medieval Planned Communities

Memo to Llywelyn ap Gruffydd’s Staff

The Rising of 1256

Senana, Mother of Llywelyn ap Gruffydd

Simon de Montfort

The Statute of Wales (Rhuddlan)

Surprise Holy Day Attack!

Things Fall Apart

Welsh Heraldry

Welsh Independence

Welsh Independence (again)

Would a Medieval Prince Have Had an Office?

War and Warfare

Boudicca’s Revolt

The Celts in Wales

Dark Age and Medieval Armor

The Eagle (movie review)

European Martial Arts

European Invasions

The First Crusade

Hadrian’s Wall

Ironclad (movie review)

The Knights Templar

The Norman Conquest of Ireland (part 1)

Medieval Shields

A Medieval Siege

Medieval Siege Weapons

Medieval Swords and Armor

Medieval Swords and Armor were NOT Heavy

Medieval Sword Vocabulary

The Ninth Crusade

The Normans in Wales

Owain Glyndwr (Owain Glendower)

Razing Castles in the Fourteenth Century


The Roman Conquest of Britain

The Third Crusade

Timeline: Stupid Movie Blog Tour

Wales and Scotland:  War, Rebellion, and Edward I

The Welsh Longbow

Welsh Rebels

The Welsh Robin Hood

Daily Life

A Good Meal

Bathing in the Middle Ages

The Black Death In Wales


The Calendar

Celebrating the New Year in Medieval Wales

The History of Chicken Pox

Child Mortality

Child Rearing in the Middle Ages

Did Cancer Exist in the Middle Ages?

Daily Living in the Middle Ages

Days of the Week

Forest Laws

Height in the Middle Ages

The History of Chicken Pox

History of Paper

Houses and Nails

The Invention of the Chimney


Life Expectancy in the Middle Ages

Life in the Middle Ages not so Bad

Literacy in the Middle Ages

Marriage in Dark Age Wales

Medicinal Herbs in Wales

Medieval Coinage

Medieval Dates of the Week 1100-1500 AD

Medieval Diseases

The Medieval Gait

Medieval Forensics

Medieval Life Expectancy:  Muslim World verses Christian World

Medieval Moneylending

Medieval Poisons

Medieval Roads

Mob Ball, Football, and the Origin of  Sports

Mortality Rates

Population in Wales

Prejudice against the Welsh

Rushes on the Floor

Sheep in Wales


Slavery and Wales

Sports in the Dark and Middle Ages

How Tall were People in the Middle Ages?

Toxic Beauty

The Weather in Wales

The Evolution of Welsh

Welsh Surnames

What did Medieval People Drink?

What is Mead?

Witchcraft and Witch Trials in the Middle Ages

Wisdom Teeth

Women and Riding

Women in Celtic Society

The Wool Trade

Wooly Mittens

King Arthur

All About King Arthur

The Best and Worst of King Arthur Movies

The Welsh/British High Council

Excalibur (Caledfwlch)

The Fictional King Arthur (rant)

The Fictive and Historical King Arthur

Geoffrey of Monmouth

Who Was Guinevere?

Historical Sources for King Arthur

The Holy Grail and Dinas Bran

King Arthur’s Family Tree

King Arthur (2004) movie review

King Arthur’s Round Table


Morgan/Morgana/Morgan le Fey

Mount Badon

Mount Badon/Caer Faddon (part 2)

Possible King Arthur (s)

The Roman Fort of Caerleon (and Arthur’s Camelot?)

Thirteen Treasures of Britain

Tintagel Castle

Triumph of Medieval Propaganda

Was King Arthur Real?

Cadwaladr ap Cadwallon

The Beginning of the Dark Ages in Britain

The Great Prophecy of Britain

Cadwaladr ap Cadwallon

The Welsh Dragon

The Early Middle Ages

Anglo-Saxon Law (to 1066)

Buried Treasure

The Celts in Wales

The Conquests of Llywelyn ap Iowerth

The Coracle, Prince Madoc, and the Mandans

Cunedda, the Founder of Gwynedd

Danish Bones found at Oxford

The Earliest Universities

The Fall of Rome

Gruffydd ap Cynan, King of Gwynedd

Irish in Wales

King Offa of Mercia

King Stephen

Kingdom of Heaven (movie review)

The Kingdom of Mercia

Laws of Hywel Dda

Llywelyn ap Iorwerth Takes the Throne

Murder and Mayhem in the Early Middle Ages

The Normans in Wales

Offa’s Dyke

Owain Gwynedd

Owain Gwynedd’s Birthday

The Pillar of Eliseg

The Roman Conquest of Britain

The Revolt of 1136

Rewriting the Dark Ages

Robin Hood (2010)

The Saxon Invasions

Shifting Views of the Past

The Succession (1170 AD)

Viking Raids

Vortigern—who was he again?

What was up with Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd?


Bedlam, England’s oldest insane asylum found

Early Parliament

Is there Welsh blood in the new prince?

Medieval  Scottish Clans

The Mortimers

St. Paul’s Cathedral

Scots, Scottish, and Gaelic–What’s the Difference?

The Succession of 1290 (Scotland)

Westminster Palace


Bwlch y Ddeufaen

Caerhun (Canovium)

Countries Invaded by Britain, only 22 spared


Devil’s Bridge


Gerald of Wales

Hedgerows and the Wildwood

How did the potato get to Ireland?

The Kingdoms of France

The Kingdoms of Wales

The Little Ice Age

Maps of Wales

Maps of Welsh Castles

Medicinal Herbs in Wales

Messenger Pigeons in the Middle Ages

Richard III Body Found in Car Park

Roman Roads

Roman Villa found near Aberystwyth

Welsh Cantrefs and Commotes

Welsh Foundation of the American Revolution

Welsh Place Names

We’re all descended from Charlemagne

The Wild Boar in Britain

Working Archaeology in Wales

Ynys Mon (Anglesey) in the Dark/Middle Ages


The Anam Cara

Annwn (The Welsh Underworld)

Calan Gaeaf

Christmas and the Winter Solstice

Demons of the Ancient World

The First Branch of the Mabinogi

Four Branches of the Mabinogi

Halloween in Wales

Happy St. David’s Day!

The Knights Templar

Medieval Monks

Myth and Religion in the Dark Ages

The Nature of Knowledge

The Pelagian Heresy

Pogram against the Jews (Edward I)

Religious Non-conformity in Wales

Santa Claus and the Wild Hunt

St. Derfel and the Stag

The Sidhe


The Summer Solstice/Stone Circles

Strata Florida Abbey

Templars and Hospitallers in Wales

Tintern Abbey

Valle Crucis Abbey

Welsh Faeries

Women in Celtic Myth

Language and Writing

I’m a new author … how do I get published?

A Welsh Pronunciation Guide

Books in the Middle Ages

Brother Cadfael’s Penance (Review)

The First Branch of the Mabinogi

Great Historical Fiction and Fantasy Novels

Heroic Fantasy in Dark Age Wales

How did Latin get into English?

Advice for New Writers

Lyrics and Poetry

On the use of the word ‘gotten’

One Year Ago Today

Original Sources

Pronouncing Welsh Words and Place Names

The Red, Black, and White Books

Sacrificing the Goat

So you want to become a writer . . .


Welsh Idioms

Welsh Pronunciation

Welsh Surnames (2)

Why You Should Keep Writing . . .

Writing Historical Fantasy:  A Conversation with Jules Watson

Writing Historical Fantasy:  A Magical Balance

Writing When It’s Hard

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